Figure Skating: Pair vs Single


Main disciplines of figure skating are men’s singles, ladies’ singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. In both pair skating and ice skating, dancers compete as a couple consisting of a man and a woman, but there are some differences in terms of technical elements and requirements.

The biggest difference between pair skating and ice dancing is the allowance of jumps. Unlike pair skating, throws jumps (the lady is assisted on a standard jump by her partner as he holds her waist or hands) and other jumps are not allowed in ice skating. Both disciplines have lift techniques but there is a slight difference. Lifts in ice dancing differ from those in pair skating in prohibiting the man from extending his hands above his head. Also, partners are not supposed to separate by more than two arm lengths for more than 10 seconds in ice skating but figure skating does not have such rules.

The use of music in the performances is different as well. According to the Korea Skating...

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Competition consists of Short Dance and Free Dance Skaters skate primarily "in hold" Elements include dance lifts (not over head), dance (AKA pair) spins, synchronized twizzles, step sequences (in hold; non-touching only in Short Dance), and pattern dances Music is required to have a beat, but may include lyrics Goal is to portray two partners dancing together on ice Competition consists of Short Program and Free Skate Skate separately and together (not as closely as dancers) Elements include side by side jumps and spins, throw jumps, pair spins, twist lifts, over-head lifts, a step sequence or spiral sequence, and death spirals Music has the same requirements in singles (no lyrics) Goal is to have two skaters being able to skate separately and together as a unified...
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Figure skaters Maria Petrova and Alexei Tikhonov

Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on ice, often to music. Figure skaters compete in multiple levels, from novice to elite, and at national and international competitions. The International Skating Union (ISU) regulates figure skating judging and competitions. Figure skating is an official event in the Winter Olympic Games. In languages other than English, figure skating is usually referred to by a name that translates as "artistic skating".

Major international competitions are sanctioned by the ISU. These include the Winter Olympic Games, the World Championships, the ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, the European Figure Skating Championships, and the Four Continents Figure Skating Championships.

The sport is also associated with show business. Major ...

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While in Single Skating male and female skaters compete individually, in Pairs and Ice Dance there is always a couple. Here are some hints on hou you can recognise these two disciplines from each other.

Pair Skating

As in Singles Skating, Pairs also execute solo jumps and spins ( that are done side by side). However the most recognizable elements in Pair Skating are lifts, death spirals, twist lifts, pair spins and throw jumps.

The key to Pair Skating is exact timing and unison. Whether the partners are skating together or apart, their movements should be synchronized with matching body lines, gestures and footwork.

Ice Dance

Unlike Pair Skating, which features overhead lifts and jumps, Ice Dance is based on the different aspects of dance. The emphasis in Ice Dance is on rhythm, interpretation of the music and precise steps. Its beauty lies in its limitless creativity, choreography, and its theatrical and innovative aspects. Lifts with...

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You may be familiar with traditional pairs figure skating, but ice dancing has become increasingly popular as the 2014 Winter Games progress, even here in San Diego.

So what's the difference between the two skating sports?

San Diego Ice Arena coach Justin Ross, a former ice dancer himself, said pairs figure skating is mostly known for its throws and jumps, while skaters in ice dancing are judged more on their footwork and how well they move as one.

Ice dancers have to become masters of spinning on one foot in perfect unison.

If one dancer spins at a different speed or at a slightly different angle, it can cost the pair huge points.

"Ice dancing is more about the quality of the edges. It's about the character, the passion of just the pure ice skating," said Ross. "There's also the compulsory dances, where it's set pattern dances and it's all about the chemistry...

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Early pair skating at the 1908 Olympics

Recreational pair skating in 1931 in Switzerland

Pair skating is a figure skating discipline. International Skating Union (ISU) regulations describe pair teams as consisting of "one lady and one man." The sport is distinguished from ice dancing and single skating by elements unique to pair skating, including overhead lifts, twist lifts, death spirals, and throw jumps. Pair teams also perform the elements of single skating in unison. The discipline requires similar technique and timing on all elements of the performance in order to create an impression of "two skating as one". Serious skating accidents are most common in pairs.

In February 1908, pair skating made its first appearance at the World Championships, in Saint Petersburg. Its Olympic debut took place in London in October 1908. The discipline has been dominated by Canada, China, Germany, and particularly the Soviet Union and Russia; from 1964 to 2006, Soviet or...

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Figure skating and dance both deal with movement, balance and poise. They both demand balletic precision and seamless choreography, limb articulation and gazelle-like leaps. But where ice skating focuses on athleticism, dance concentrates on artistry, and all the whiz-bang double axels, bedazzled unitards and cheesy music can make skating seem something like ballet’s embarrassing cousin. We wondered: What do real dancers — the ones who perform on land, without blades strapped to their feet — think about figure skating? Salon tracked down a few to get their opinion.

Mark Morris, choreographer and leader of the Mark Morris Dance Group:

If one is gay, as am I, one is supposedly predisposed to adore figure skating. I missed that day at Gay High. I watch a certain amount of skating. I like that it is fast and difficult and only rotates in one direction. I love the costumes. I hate the music. Like many sports, it has become brutal and artless. The tricks are too hard to be...

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, sport in which ice skaters, singly or in pairs, perform freestyle movements of jumps, spins, lifts, and footwork in a graceful manner. Its name derives from the patterns (or figures) skaters make on the ice, an element that was a major part of the sport until recently. There are various kinds of figure skating, including freestyle, pairs, ice dance, and synchronized team skating. The style of competition, as well as the moves and techniques of the skaters, varies for each category of skating. Figure skating has become one of the most popular sports of the Winter Olympics.


Pioneers of the sport

A Treatise on Skating (1772) by Robert Jones, an Englishman, is apparently the first account of figure skating. The sport had a cramped and formal style until American Jackson Haines introduced his free and expressive techniques based on dance movement in the mid-1860s. Although popular in Europe, Haines’s style (called the International style) did not...

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