How do the penalties work in biathlon?


In a biathlon event, competitors cross-country ski for a pre-determined distance, and then stop at a rifle range to fire at targets. In all events, the targets are 50 meters downrange. In some events, the skiing portion is truly cross-country. In others, skiers race around a course. After each lap around the course, they stop at the shooting range.

Shooting portions are conducted in either the prone or the standing (sometimes known as off-hand) positions. The athletes do not choose the position -- each event requires different shooting positions at specific points in the race. In the standing position, the target area is 11.5 centimeters in diameter. In the prone position, the target is only 4.5 cm wide [ref]. In addition, the wrist can't touch the ground while in the prone position.

At the firing range, each competitor has five targets, with one round of ammunition per target. In every event except individual, each missed target results in a 150 m penalty. The...

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Biathletes need equipment for both cross-country skiing and rifle marksmanship. For the skiing portion, their equipment is identical to that of cross-country skiers. They wear skintight Lycra racing suits designed to cut down on wind resistance and provide the wearer with maximum movement. In colder temperatures, a base layer provides insulation. In addition, biathletes wear gloves and hats made of lightweight materials, and goggles, if necessary. Tinted goggles are effective at cutting down on the glare from the sun reflecting off snow.

Because biathletes use the freestyle method of skiing they use skis that are shorter and stiffer than classical cross-country skis. The tips don't curve as much, either. Biathletes apply special glide wax to the bottom of each ski.

The bindings of cross-country skis only attach at the toe, allowing the foot to flex and move more freely than alpine bindings, which attach at the toe and the heel. Cross-country boots are lighter and more...

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Like any other firearm.

You have a striker or firing pin that strikes the primer on a .22lr cartridge. This detonates the primer, setting off the powder, which produces gas to push the bullet/projectile down the barrel toward the target.

About the only differences are the caliber, being a .22lr, and that they are bolt action, instead of semi-automatic, automatic, or single shot. And, really, there are a lot of Amercans, and probably many others around the world, who could compete if they worked out enough to be in shape so that they could run/ski and then shoot so accurately. Where I am, most kids grew up hunting with a .22 rifle. They just didn’t run through the woods and then stop to...

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Also in slalom skiiers has to pass alternatively in red gate then blue gate.

In every speciality skiiers make inspections (mostly with thier trainers) before the races to check and study the structure of the tracks

When the gates are placed in position "perpendicular" to the descent is easier to understand the succession of the gates, but it can happen that the gates are placed in a "parallel" way to the descent and in this case the skier has to turn close to them.

When two ports are very close succession of uses "double" term to describe this figure as if it is three doors in close succession using the term "triple" (this is a translation from Italian language).

From the logical point of view there are no differences from the "perpendicular" tracking, but visually understanding is more difficult.

In downhill they test the track with time trials twice before every race (in the image you can see the FIS calendar for december 2015 where all the...

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A biathlon is an athletic competition in which athletes compete in two sports. Although any combination competition could be considered a biathlon, the word is usually used to refer to a combination of skiing and shooting. In addition to being a listed Olympic sport, the biathlon is also very popular in Northern European countries and Russia, where regular competitions are held in addition to qualifying competitions for the Olympics.

Unlike many other combined sports, the biathlon actually tests the abilities of the athletes to confront real world situations. It has its roots in military exercises dating back to the 1700s, in which soldiers would go on long skiing expeditions and hunt for food. Branches of the Norwegian military began to compete in a biathlon format in the late 1700s, and in the 1800s, many nations were fielding biathlon teams in competition. Many Northern European militaries still include a cross country skiing and shooting segment in their...

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Biathlon is a winter sport, which includes several disciplines, such as fast riding skiing and target shooting. Though this sport is mostly popular in Europe, Cup Cup, there are athletes who represent North America, Australia, New Zealand, China and Japan.

Biathletes must be able very quickly to ski cross country and in the zone for firing to stay with a firm hand necessary for accurate shots on targets. The winner is the fastest skier the most hits on target.

To begin, understand what is included in biathlon competitions: skier, with a .22 rifle behind runs cross skiing (cross-country skiing) on rough terrain. Task to run fast on skis. Athletes come skiing in the area for firing practice and shoot at five targets from a certain position, standing or lying down. Look at the picture. Biathletes in the lying position by lying on a Mat laid in the area for firing practice.

Competitors must be in excellent physical shape, despite the fact that they fled, the...

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Rules for Biathlon are decided by International Biathlon Union(IBU). Let’s understand the rules to be followed while playing Biathlon.

The biathlete skis from different distances from 6km to 20 km and halts at the shooting range to target two or four times. Here both the ski distance and number of shooting sessions depend on the type of competition in question.

The distance from which the target is shot is always 50 m. In every session five rounds are shot at five targets. In relay competition the biathlete has three spare rounds for each session.

The diameters of the target completely depend on the shooting position and are very small. When shooting in the standing position it is 115 mm in diameter, while shooting in the prone position the target is even smaller that is 45 mm. The clock never stops during the entire series of events. So the biathletes do not just have to ski and shoot the target but also make it fast.

Except for the Individual event...

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Martin Fourcade has been the dominant name in biathlon since the 2011-12 season when he won his first of five-in-row World Cup Total Score titles. He has won 9 individual IBU World Championships’ titles plus two Gold and two Silver medals in the Olympic Winter Games. Fourcade is known as a tenacious competitor, constantly challenging himself to reach new goals.

How did you get into biathlon?

I started with cross country skiing at the age of 6, then I tried biathlon and I have never stopped shooting since then.

What is the most fascinating thing about biathlon?

I love the duality of the sports, it's a two sided sport with the power and physicality of skiing and the calm and mental aspect of shooting. You are always trying to improve.

What was your best day in biathlon?

My best day in biathlon was the pursuit at the Sochi Olympic Winter Games . It changed me as a man forever because on that day I was able to reach my last sports...

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To prepare for the Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia which begin on February 6, 2014, Dear Sports Fan is running a series of previews of Winter Olympics events. So far we’ve profiled the Luge, Skeleton, Bobsled, Ice Hockey, and Cross-Country Skiing.

All About Biathlon

It doesn’t get much better or more pure than the Biathlon in the Winter Olympics. The Biathlon is an event that combines a brutal endurance sport with a highly technical one; cross-country skiing with riflery. If the Olympic sports we’ve profiled so far are extreme versions of sledding (Luge, Skeleton, and Bobsled) and just getting around (Cross-Country Skiing,) Biathlon is the first of another category of Olympic sports: tamed versions of war. In the same way that the Summer Olympic sports of Boxing and Judo are tamed down versions of hand-to-hand combat and Fencing is a safe way to practice sword-fighting, biathlon tests skills required in (only slightly) antiquated fighting in snow-covered,...
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In the last of my series of interviews with Junior biathletes this season I spoke to Great Britain’s Scott Dixon. Scott was born on the 9th of July 1994 and so this is his final year as a Junior. He has already competed on the IBU and the World Cup and is currently in Finland for the Senior World Championships. He achieved his best result in the Juniors this year finishing in 18th place in the Individual 15km an improvement of 5 places from last year in Presque Isle. He is now living and training in Norway. His Dad is 6 time Olympian, biathlon coach and Eurosport commentator Mike Dixon. Scott is possibly the only biathlete who is sponsored by a castle!

Scott has a Facebook page: Scott Dixon Biathlete

Why did you become a biathlete? Did your Dad make you do it or did you have a choice?!!

I was very stubborn as a teenager, never committing fully to one thing at a time. I liked to play Rugby and Football and Biathlon was just the different sport that...

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We are often asked by people who have not skied with us “why do you call it a Supercamp.” It is said a picture is worth a thousand words. Pictured above is coach Lisa Perry. She represents the kind of feeling which XC Supercamp is all about – “feeling super!”

This enthusiasm is shared amongst our entire team who are committed to you experiencing just how “super” the skiing at Sovereign Lake – Silver Star really is. Or have you experience first hand just how “super dedicated ” the team of coaches and instructors are to see you reach your skiing goals and enjoy your time with us.

XC Supercamp is more than just a ski improvement cross country camp – it’s been a special place for nearly 30 years where skiers from all over North America come to start their winter seasons on the right track .

Whether you are a first time skier, competitive Master’s racer, or somewhere in between, come & enjoy our 105km of rolling terrain, professional coaching, exceptional...

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If you've been watching the Winter Olympics, you must have come across a distinctive sport called the Biathlon. No doubt a little head scratching followed, by confusion of what is this game all about? Why skiing plus rifle shooting?" if you want to know continue read this article, you will have a clear idea about Biathlon.

What is a Biathlon?

A biathlon is an event that combines cross-country skiing with precision rifle shooting. The athletes who are all participating must be racing against the time, even when they stop skiing to shoot. There is a penalty for each missed shot so Biathletes must know how to balance speed on the course and on the range with shooting accuracy. There are mainly five different competition types are being used in the Olympics nowadays: individual, relay, sprint, pursuit, and mass start. Each of these types requires the...

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Biathlon is one of the most challenging of all the Winter Olympics sports. The biathlon requires athletes to have both stamina and precision as they compete in a cross country skiing race that is interrupted by frequent stops to shoot at a series of targets. This sport, which dates back to the mid-sixteenth century, became part of the Winter Olympics at Squaw Valley in 1960, although the biathlon and its predecessor (called military patrol) appeared in many Olympics as a demonstration sport.

The biathletes are judged based on their speed through the course; however, they must stop and calm their breathing enough to aim and hit targets along the way. If they are not able to calm their breathing enough, they will miss their targets. Each time they do miss a target they are given either an additional time or distance penalty, which can quickly add up. So, the skier must go fast enough to stay competitive, but slow enough to maintain control.

The athletes each carry a...

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Firstly understand what is involved in a Biathlon Competition: The skier carrying their .22 rifle in a harness skis off along a cross country trail (on cross country skis). The objective is to ski fast. They ski into a rifle range and shoot five targets in defined shooting positions which are either standing or prone (lying down). See in the image, the biathletes are in the prone position on special mats placed on the snow at the rifle range.


The competitor has to be extremely fit so that despite the fast skiing, their heart rate is calm and as low as possible, to allow for accurate target shooting. Because of this,biathletes have incredibly good cardio and it is often regarded as one of the hardest sports to train for in the world. When the bullet hits the target, a metal panel closes over, indicating a successful hit. The aim is to hit all five targets. If any target is not hit, the skier may have to ski penalty loops and this adds to the time...

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The biathlon is a winter sport that combines cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.


According to...

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Biathlon skiing demand cross-country skiing techniques. The classical style, in which the skier "runs" on the skis, keeping the entire ski bottom in contact with the snow, is extinct in high-level competition. Instead, biathletes use the freestyle or skate method. In this method, skiers angle each ski to the side and pushes off, digging the leading edge into the snow and alternating between each ski. This basic style varies slightly, depending on the speed and incline of the section. For example, for fast, downhill sections, the poles aren't used, while for uphill sections, the skier gains thrust by pushing off of the poles.

There is one exception to the "no classical" rule, however. Because freestyle skating chews up the snow, the first 100 meters or so of the relay event are skied classical to keep the snow cleaner for the other team members.


Before every biathlon event, competitors and their coaches take to the rifle range to...

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Biathlon History and Description Description and history of Biathlon - how the sport evolved... This page was last updated23 July 2003 - Under construction

What is Biathlon:

Biathlon is a Winter Olympic Sport which combines cross country skiing with precision target shooting. There is also a warm weather variant called Summer Biathlon which replaces skiing with running. In a typical Winter race, a Biathlete is required to ski with his or her rifle over a set distance to a shooting range, where five shots at five knockdown targets 50 m down range are taken from prone position. Depending on the format, either a time penalty or penalty laps are assessed for missed shots. The racer then skiis another loop, and comes back to the shooting range for another set of shots - this time from a standing stance. Again penalties are assessed for missed shots. The biathlete then skiis a final loop to complete the race. A more complete description of the various race formats may be...

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By Jay Bender / Photos by Carter Photographics

There is a sport that can inject that kind of dark horse, come-from-behind excitement into your racing: biathlon. Adding an element the faster skiers aren’t automatically better at, levels the playing field.

If you can out-shoot another competitor on the rifle range, you can gain a lot of time while they are skiing around in circles on the penalty loop!

Of course, biathlon is primarily a ski race, and speed definitely counts. But the element of target shooting can really make it interesting, changing who’s in the lead multiple times during the course of a race. That’s one reason biathlon is the most watched televised winter sport in Europe.

You’ve seen it on TV during the Olympics, but just to review, biathlon is a timed ski race composed of relatively short ski loops, generally two or three kilometers, with bouts of target shooting in-between. Shooting bouts are either prone (lying down) or...

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When: August 13, 2016
Mandatory First Timers Safety Clinic at 8:30 AM Race Starts at 10 AM Sponsored by: Friends of Oil Creek State Park, Range Resources and PA Biathlon Club Location: Oil Creek State Park Cross-Country Ski Area, Petroleum Center Proceeds benefit "Friends of Oil Creek State Park". The volunteer group that supports the park's activities. Course: 6K Cross Country Run with 2 shooting stops!

First timers welcome. All equipment provided

Open to all athletes age 12 and over who complete the mandatory pre-race safety clinic.

What is a Summer Biathlon and how does it work?

The 6K running race is divided into three parts.

First: The timing starts with waves of two runners leaving every minute and running an approximately 1.2 mile loop. As you approach the shooting range at the end of the first running loop, you will run into the range, catch your breath lie down in the prone position and pick up an easy to use .22 caliber...

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A penalty shoot-out (officially kicks from the penalty mark)[1] is a method of determining the winner of an association football (soccer) match that is drawn after the regulation as well as extra playing time. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns attempting a specified number of shots (5 in FIFA-governed football)[1] from the penalty mark that are only defended by the opposing team's goalkeeper, with the team scoring the most goals being declared the winner. Although the procedure for taking kicks from the penalty mark resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked.

The method of breaking a draw in a match requiring a winner is determined beforehand by the match organizing body. FIFA-sanctioned competitions and most professional level competitions employ kicks from the penalty mark following one or more extra periods of play...

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