How would a manager use a starter and reliever differently in an All-Star game?


The New York Yankees faced a tight spot on July 9 at Progressive Field in Cleveland. Their newly acquired starting pitcher, Brandon McCarthy, had gutted his way through 6.2 innings, lacking his best stuff but still holding the Indians to four runs, just one of those earned. Locked in a 4-4 tie, manager Joe Girardi turned to his bullpen, knowing it had no margin for error.

The first pitcher out of the pen was Matt Thornton. Instead of battling Indians hitters with an assortment of southpaw soft stuff, Thornton fired two straight fastballs to All-Star outfielder Michael Brantley, the second one resulting in a harmless, inning-ending groundout. The radar gun flashed a reading on Thornton’s heater: 97 mph.

The next Yankees pitcher to toe the rubber was Dellin Betances. A 26-year-old rookie, Betances had taken the long route to establish himself in the big leagues. At 6’8” and 260 pounds, he was once a promising starter prospect, but struggled mightily to make use of his...

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Royals pitcher Danny Duffy has now had two starts and has yet to give up a run. As a starter, he’s holding opponents to a batting average of .192 and slugging percentage of .231, so what’s not to like?

As long as Duffy’s pitching like this, the thinking goes, why not stretch him out to where he can throw 100 pitches and give you six or seven innings?

Things might not be quite that simple.

Duffy threw three innings in his first start and four and a third innings Saturday against the Chicago White Sox. And knowing he’s only going to be out there for a short while changes the way Duffy pitches.

If a pitcher knows his outing will be a short one, he can step on the gas and go. According to the website Fangraphs, Duffy’s average fastball velocity over his career is 93.7 mph. In 2016, it’s 96.1 mph ... and not long ago I saw him hit 99 on the gun.

Knowing he’s only going to pitch three or four innings allows Duffy to use his fastball more often;...

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Expect a Cubs-heavy roster this year for the NL.

On Tuesday, the announcement for who will be making the 2016 MLB All-Star Game will occur on ESPN. That reveal includes everyone – who the fans voted in, who the reserves will be, and who will be pitching.

For the National League, there’s a plethora of talent to go around at pretty much every position. Teams like the Cubs and Giants are dominating the league, but even the worst teams have a player or two doing well. Whoever gets selected for the NL will be a true talent having a deserving season. I’m not anticipating any head-scratching decisions on anyone’s part. The NL is deep this year.

So who makes it? I have a few predictions for what I think the team will end up being. It should be noted that this is not necessarily the starting lineup and roster I think should be representing the National League, but instead who I think the fans, players, and coaches will decide on.

Here are my predictions for the...

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Everyone loves plate discipline. Plate discipline allows hitters to control the strike zone, increasing his chance of getting a better pitch to hit. Getting a better pitch in turn increases the chances of putting the ball in play with authority rather than just simply putting it in play. Walks, and consequently the almighty on-base percentage, increase with plate discipline. Pitch counts increase, allowing teams to drive a starter from the game and get into the weaker parts of the bullpen.

This final point is a positive for the offense, but it is based on two assumptions. First, that the opposing pitcher is on a pitch count. While certain pitchers occasionally break through the upper layers of commonly acceptable pitch counts, very few starters will remain in the game past 110-120 pitches. Although the...

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Major League closers will tell you they love the ninth inning. They love the entrance music. They love having the game in their hands. They love the feeling of blowing one by the batter for the game's final out. They love being out there for the handshakes and the butt pats and occasional fireworks bursts that come with victory.

And yes, they love the save statistic and the money it can make them.

One wonders, though, if the game is slowly -- and I do mean slowly -- gravitating away from an emphasis on the ninth itself and into a greater appreciation for the concept of leverage, in general.

If there was once a belief that relievers can only make top-of-the-market-type money by finishing games, perhaps Andrew Miller's four-year, $36 million guarantee with the Yankees -- the largest contract ever given to a non-closing reliever (Miller has just one career save) -- is proof that there are other ways to build your brand and your bank account in today's game and...

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Setting up a Multiplayer Project from Scratch

The NetworkManager is a component for managing the network state of a multiplayer game. It is actually implemented entirely using the HLAPI, so everything it does is available to developers in other forms. However the NetworkManager wraps up a lot of useful functionality into a single place and makes creating, running and debugging multiplayer games as simple as possible.

The NetworkManager can be used entirely without scripting. It has inspector controls in the editor that allow configuration of all of its features. The NetworkManagerHUD supplies a simple, default user interface at runtime that allows the network game to be controlled by the user. For advanced uses, developers can derive a class from NetworkManager and customize its behaviour by overriding any of the virtual function hooks that it provides.

The NetworkManager features include:

Game State Management Spawning Management Scene Management...
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The pitcher (aka hurler or moundsman) initiates play by throwing the ball for the batter to hit. Good pitching is so important in defense that the role of the pitcher is qualitatively different from that of all other defensive players. Unlike every other position, where even sterling defenders are expected to pull their weight offensively, pitchers are selected without regard to their ability as batters.

The physical strain of pitching also makes it qualitatively different from all other positions. The pitching motion is unnatural and places extreme strain on the pitcher's arm. Unlike other positions where a single regular player receives the lion's share of a team's playing time, it's rare for a contemporary pitcher to throw more than about 1/6 of his team's innings.

Because each pitcher throws such a small fraction of his team's innings, it's necessary for each team to have a pitching staff consisting of as many as 12 or 13 pitchers. Each pitcher is assigned a role,...

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Rockies right-hander Chad Bettis could compete for a starting job, or find himself in the bullpen next spring.
(Don Boomer, The Associated Press)

SAN FRANCISCO — With news that veteran right-hander Roy Oswalt will start Saturday’s game — and will likely finish the season in the Rockies’ rotation — where does that leave rookie right-hander Chad Bettis?

Manager Walt Weiss said before Wednesday afternoon’s game against the Giants that the decision on Bettis is still pending. The Rockies will decide over the winter whether the fire-ball pitcher is a starter or a late-game reliever.

“I think we will probably make that decision before spring training,” Weiss said. “I can’t say that will be 100 percent certain, but I think so. I think it’s best for everybody if that is already determined.”

So, what goes into the decision?

“I think you have to make the determination whether a guy is maybe more of a sprinter vs. a guy who can go through a lineup three...

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If your web application uses URL rewriting rather than cookies to save session information, then you'll need to do a bit of extra work to test your site.

To respond correctly to URL rewriting, JMeter needs to parse the HTML received from the server and retrieve the unique session ID. Use the appropriate HTTP URL Re-writing Modifier to accomplish this. Simply enter the name of your session ID parameter into the modifier, and it will find it and add it to each request. If the request already has a value, it will be replaced. If "Cache Session Id?" is checked, then the last found session id will be saved, and will be used if the previous HTTP sample does not contain a session id.

Download this example. In Figure 1 is shown a test plan using URL rewriting. Note that the URL Re-writing modifier is added to the SimpleController, thus assuring that it will only affect requests under that SimpleController.

In Figure 2, we see the URL Re-writing modifier GUI, which just...

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It’s possible to run more than one Skype account on your computer at the same time. This might be useful if you have, for example, a Skype account you use for work and another account just for personal use. If you want to be signed in to both accounts at the same time, you need to start a new instance of Skype.

Be aware that if you have multiple instances of Skype running, you may need to use the Task Manager to close Skype.

To run another instance of Skype on Windows desktop:

Press the Windows and R keys on your keyboard at the same time. In the Run window, type %programfiles(x86)%/skype/phone/ and click OK.

If you get an error, try again but this time type %programfiles%/skype/phone/ in the Run window.

Right-click the Skype.exe file and select Send to > Desktop (create shortcut).

Find the shortcut you just created on your desktop, then right-click it and select Properties. On the Shortcut tab, in the Target field add /secondary to...
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A "startup disk" is a volume or partition of a drive that contains a usable operating system. You can set your Mac to automatically use a specific startup volume, or you can temporarily override this choice at startup.

Set the default startup disk

You can change the startup disk your Mac automatically uses from System Preferences.

From the Apple menu choose System Preferences. Click the Startup Disk icon in System Preferences, or choose View > Startup Disk. Select your startup disk from the list of available volumes.

The next time you start up or restart your computer, your Mac starts up using the operating system on the selected volume.

Temporarily change your startup disk with Startup Manager

Startup Manager allows you to pick a volume to start from while the computer is starting up.

Use these steps to choose a startup disk with Startup Manager:

Turn on or restart your Mac. Immediately press and hold the Option...
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In his response to last week’s news that the Nationals had fired manager Matt Williams, The Washington Post’s Adam Kilgore described a scene from the fourth and final game of the 2014 National League Division Series, when Williams went to rookie reliever Aaron Barrett with one out and two on in a seventh-inning tie. Citing the proverbial “person familiar with the situation,” Kilgore wrote that “Giants Manager Bruce Bochy turned giddily incredulous that Williams had not instead chosen all-star Tyler Clippard, whom Bochy feared because of his experience and ability to face both left-handed and right-handed hitters. As Barrett warmed up, the person said, Bochy expressed to one of his coaches that Williams’s decision had just given the Giants the series.” We’ll never know what would have happened had Williams signaled for someone else, but Bochy wasn’t wrong: Barrett lost the game, walking Hunter Pence to load the bases and throwing a wild pitch to Pablo Sandoval that scored the...

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Ryan Braun won’t know for sure until February or March, after he begins the grind of another baseball season and fends off a few 95 mph inside fastballs. But so far, it appears his October thumb surgery was a success.

“It definitely worked,” Braun said Wednesday, when the Brewers right fielder took part in a Thanksgiving food drive at Miller Park. “It made a huge difference.”

Braun underwent a cryotherapy procedure in Los Angeles on Oct. 2, in which a needle was inserted at the base of his right thumb to essentially freeze a troublesome nerve that forced Braun to alter his mechanics throughout 2014, contributing to the least productive season of his career.

Ten days later, Braun swung a bat for the first time and was relieved to find the pain had disappeared.

“Right now, I don’t feel any [discomfort], and I haven’t been able to say that for two years,” he said. “I think I’ve told you guys, it [bothered him] shaking hands, writing — you know, just...

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Sabermetrics is the analysis of baseball through objective evidence, especially baseball statistics. The term is derived from the SABR – the Society for American Baseball Research. The term was coined by Bill James, an enthusiastic proponent and its most notable figure.


Synonymous with bag — 1st, 2nd, or 3rd base. A player who plays a particular base might be called a sacker. Most often this is the second sacker (second baseman). Together the second sacker and the short-stop may be referred to as sackmates because they often coordinate or share the coverage or play at second base. See double play.

sacrifice bunt[edit]

A sacrifice bunt (also called a sacrifice hit or simply a "sacrifice") is the act of deliberately bunting the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base, while the batter is himself put out. If the sacrifice is successful, the batter is not charged with an at bat (AB). But...
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When the National Association folded, the Red Stockings joined the National League. On April 22, 1876, they played in the very first National League game, scoring two runs in the ninth inning to beat the homestanding Philadelphia Athletics, 6-5, before a crowd of 3,000.


The Red Stockings win a second consecutive NL pennant with a 41-19 record, despite hitting just .241 as a team. Tommy Bond started 59 of the team's 60 games and won 40 for the second year in a row.


The Braves become known as the Beaneaters to tie their identity to Boston and avoid confusion with the Cincinnati Reds of the American Association. The teams wins the NL once again.


After several years of lackluster performances, the Beaneaters acquire Mike "King" Kelly, the Babe Ruth of the 19th century and unquestionably the most popular player of his day. Kelly's salary of $10,000 stunned the world.


The Beaneaters win 18 in a row and 23 of...

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