Is the elbow in the forehand tennis strike meant to be totally direct or little bit in angle?


There is no right or optimal place to hit a ball on the tennis racket that applies to everyone. Everyone plays differently and looks to get a different type of result out of each shot.

I'm definitely no expert on the physics of tennis, but I can tell you from experience, where on your racket you should aim to hit the ball.

The part labeled Node, is probably the best for when you your trying to roll a nice spin ball off your racket.

The part labeled COP, is the opposite, and should be used when hitting a slice ball.

However, while the bottom area of the racket (labeled Best Bounce in your image), is usually used for a flat ball because the ball doesn't need much room to roll on your racket, I would stay away from it in many cases. If you're a player who enjoys smacking that ball when you're on the offensive, then go ahead. But it's not always the best for Touch. That area of the racket is usually unpredictable and isn't optimal for a volley or drop...

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Tennis Elbow 2011 v1.0f is released (Build 90-2011.8.30) : ~37MB [Permanent direct download link to the latest version] [Mirror site for people having corrupted download from - but not up to date all the time]

Patch for all versions since v1.0d Build 80 => 1.0f Build 96 - SubBuild 2012.12.17 : (download the Patch if you don't want to download the Demo again) ~6MB

New Features :
- New Strike Styles & Return Stances : another bunch of animations created by Lucian86, m4n4c0r & Jaydraco have been integrated to the game !
- Outfit : you can now change your racket strings color & choose your string logo independently from your racket type
- World Tour : in Season mode, you can now continue to the next season, if you played a total of less than 16...

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I am looking for confirmation as to the angle of the elbow throughout the various forehand topspin shots. From what I've seen in your videos I believe the elbow at finish position should be at 90 degrees, especially for topspin against chop, however I would like a description of the shot from start to finish and whether it changes for instance when dealing with topspin/block, topspin/topspin etc.

If the elbow joint is relatively static it also brings up the question of where the power comes from: hips, legs, shoulder, wrist; and in what proportion.

I ask this as some suggest that the arm should only be slightly bent at the start of the shot, and be whipped into the 90 degree angle on contact with the ball to produce extra topspin.

If I could have as in-depth an answer as possible, I promise not to ask another question for at least a month - you can't say fairer than that.

Thanks for the great site, and all the best to you both.


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Swinging a racquet is a process that is not easy to describe in words since the actions of all the various body segments are quite complicated. However, if we focus just on the forearm and the racquet then the task is a little easier, especially since these two segments by themselves act like a double pendulum. A double pendulum is just two single pendulums joined end to end. To illustrate the point, consider the two film clips shown below where the action of the arm and racquet in a serve is compared with a simple mechanical double pendulum. Both were filmed in slow motion, at 300 fps, to observe the action more clearly. The pendulum version is upside-down, but the actions are very similar.

Pendulum Motion of the Serve

Movie Screen 1. — Double Pendulum Motion in the serve.
(Note: Movies are best viewed frame by frame using keyboard arrow keys or movie controls.)

Double Pendulum Demonstration
Choose Movie...

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The forehand drive is always the first of the four basic strokes that I teach. It is also Day 4 of my How to Play Table Tennis in 10 Days course (following grip, stance and footwork).

Once mastered, the forehand drive will become one of your most used table tennis shots. It forms the basis for more advanced strokes such as the block, the loop and the counter loop, so it’s really important to develop a strong and consistent stroke.

This post will highlight the correct technique for playing a forehand drive in table tennis. I will use my own knowledge as a table tennis coach and a video featuring Head Table Tennis Coach at Greenhouse Charity, Jason Sugrue.

What Is The Forehand Drive?

The forehand drive is one of the four basic table tennis strokes. The other three are the backhand drive, backhand push and forehand push. The forehand drive is an attacking stroke played with a small amount of topspin. It is a drive shot and not a topspin loop! The forehand...
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No, your elbow should absolutely not be locked when you make contact with the ball. Your arm should be nearly straight but with a slight bend at the point of contact, never completely locked. This will allow for your arm to move fluidly through the stroke and will enable you to brush up on the ball, creating topspin. You can see in this video that Federer's arm is almost straight, but his elbow is not locked when he makes contact with the ball, which allows his arm to turn over after contact (this motion makes the racquet move up as well as through the ball, creating topspin).

The pain you are feeling is most likely tennis elbow, which is a strain in the tendons in your elbow from overuse. In other words, your body simply isn't used to hitting balls that are coming at you with such high speeds, causing strain. Locking your elbow, however, brings your joint against your bones, so when you hit the ball, instead of relying on your muscles and tendons for structural support, the...

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The wiping action (i.e. forearm supination) that you see in many forehands is initiated during the beginning of the forward swing, and it's usually a product of everything that came before it.

Rolling over the ball (which is also associated with wrist flexion through the ball) is actually a defensive response so that the racquet face doesn't open up excessively. Such might happen if you're pulled wide, hitting a ball on a bad bounce, or a ball well above the normal strike zone. However, if such happens all the time, and you need it to hit angles, then there's probably a mechanical flaw in the stroke.

80% of the stroke is actually determined by the time you complete the unit turn. If you can't execute the forward swing of your FH with almost no takeback, then the FH has big mechanical issues.

It's a catch-22. If somebody asks about wrist, the standard answer is "wrist should remain laid back." But, if that person is executing his FH in a fundamentally flawed...

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Two-Handed Backhand

If someone were to ask me which professional player had the best Two-Handed Backhand of all time, the first player to come to mind would be Andre Agassi. In fact, many professional players with great backhands have emulated their backhand after Agassi. Rafael Nadal, Andy Murray, Novak Djokovic, to name a few, have backhands very similar to Agassi. While their backhands vary slightly in terms of grip, topspin, etc., their body movements are all very similar.

Two-Handed Backhand Grip

The dominant hand is the hand on top. This hand is usually the non-dominant hand for all the other strokes. Example: For a right-handed person, dominant hand would be the left hand; The right hand keeps the shot steady while the left hand generates the spin and power. Non-dominant hand (right, if you’re right-handed) is a Continental Grip; Dominant hand (left, if you’re right-handed) is a Modified Eastern Grip.

(Click image to view...

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If you want to add topspin to your tennis groundstrokes—forehand and backhand—then the most effective and realistic way of doing it is to “roll the ball”.

You’ve surely heard many times that you produce topspin by getting under the ball and then brushing up, but in reality, top spin happens much faster and in a much more dynamic way.

Rolling the ball is one exercise that will almost instantly trigger the “aha” moment once you try it.

Why Is Rolling More Effective than Brushing Up?

The usual way of teaching topspin forehand or backhand is to drop the racquet under the ball and then brush or lift up, thus, making the ball spin.

But if you attempt to really hit the ball like that, you will face quite a few disadvantages, not to mention the fact that you’re not really learning the proper way of controlling the ball:

1. You miss on the acceleration – Dropping your racquet and brushing up on the ball means that you start below the ball with...

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Before developing a game dependent on strategy first a player must have the strokes that will get the ball over the net. Hitting with depth is the second necessity. Limiting the number of options is the third. Overall strategy and point-to-point tactics are over rated for most players.

There are basic five things that a player can do to his opponent from the baseline;

1.(hit to your opponent's left) 2.(to his right) 3.(over his head) 4.(at his feet) and 5.(through him).

Strategy means devising a realistic game plan which forces you to evaluate your own game and to learn how to scout and play your opponent. For a beginner the first and most basic rule is to get it "Down the middle and deep". This works on any type of surface or conditions. It helps you win by (1)(Keeping your opponent hitting from behind the baseline; (2) the net is 5 1/2" lower in the middle that at the singles sideline giving you less chance for error; (3) you...

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