What does this sentence mean? [closed]


The only difference I notice is that "has been subject to criticism" may be considered to be stylistically better than the mere passive "has been criticized."

The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English presents us with other possible forms of saying "be criticized," which I also find to be stylistically superior to the passive:


draw/attract/provoke criticism (=be criticized) The plan has drawn criticism from some groups.

come under criticism/come in for criticism (=be criticized) The deal came under fierce criticism from other American airlines.

meet (with) criticism (=be criticized) His theory met with harsh criticism from...

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Married people are not ever tender with each other, you will notice: if they are mutually civil it is much: and physical contacts apart, their relation is that of a very moderate intimacy.

thank you for your answer, but what do" it is much" and "physical contacts apart" mean specifically in this sentence?
Does the whole sentence mean that if the couple are civil to each other, this is not bad actually, indicating that you can't expect too much out of a marriage, you should settle for simply being civil to each other?
As for the part involing "Physical contacts apart" ,does it mean apart from pysical contacts, there is very limited emotional intimacy between a couple?
Looking forward to further explanation, thank...

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Conviction vs Sentence

Difference between conviction and sentence is something to which we rarely pay attention to. This is because we have a tendency, a habit almost, to use terms interchangeably or synonymously without actually paying close attention to their meaning. The terms Conviction and Sentence are a classic example of this. Indeed, identifying the difference between the two is simple. It only requires a clear and proper understanding of their definitions. The key to distinguishing the terms is to think of Conviction as something that precedes a Sentence.

What does Conviction mean?

The term Conviction is traditionally defined as the outcome of a criminal prosecution that culminates in a judgement that the defendant is guilty of the crime charged. Thus, it represents one of two possibilities that typically arises at the end of a criminal proceeding: either the defendant will be found guilty or not guilty of the crime with which he/she is...

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I both don't know the meaning and the punctuation. But still i am not sure why they are grammatically correct.

First, "Coffee is a social beverage, offered to guests by housewivees and to customers by merchants." Is offered a past participal or something? Yes, used as an adjective.

Here's a simpler example for you to consider.

I bought a house, painted red.

why can it connect with another independent clause without a coordinating conjunction?

If it helps , you can think of it this way. I bought a house, (that was) painted red.

Could you give me another example with the same usage?

Also, about " To refuse it (ie coffee) borders upon insult ", is the sentence missing a subject? I know we can say," To retire early, we need to work hard." Could you give me another example where we say it this way?

The infinitive can serve as a noun phrase.

eg To dance is difficult.

eg Refusal borders on insult.


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Because he told the truth and because he opposed people moving back into these areas, he has now ended up in prison serving an eight-year sentence.

After four years of living in hiding, the three activists decided to appear freely before the court in order to challenge their sentence in a court of law.

You mentioned it in only one sentence.

People who suffer from these diseases have a life sentence: they do not die, they stay alive and their condition degenerates.

In the event of an accident, it is not the captains of these ships who need a custodial or prison sentence; it is the owners, those who are really responsible.

The nurses have been in custody for more than six years now, and have been under sentence of death for over a year.

To sum this up in one sentence, the losers will be the farmers and food sovereignty, whereas the winners will be agri-business and the major distributors.

Few measures that can be taken against an...

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What does the sentence mean?


"I felt he was wrong, although I didn't say so at the time."


Re: What does the sentence mean?

Which part is the problem here? I felt maybe? Feel can be used to mean believe/think. Or is it so? So (as used here) is a proform which substitutes for a verb phrase to avoid the need for repetition.
So a gloss would be :
I thought he was wrong but I didn't say that I thought he was wrong at the time.

Re: What does the sentence mean?

Hi susan,

1.I think the part I'm confused about is the word 'although'. Sorry about the confusion!
What does but mean in
"I felt he was wrong, but I didn't say so at the time."
Does it mean on the other hand?

2. What does but mean in the context?
"You need sugar to make this kind of candy - but not just any kind of sugar would do; you must use brown sugar."


Last edited by fface : Sep 18th, 2013 at 03:29 am. ...
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PowerPoint Presentation What do these sentences mean? Ich habe gestern in der Sporthalle...

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Unit 2.


1. Tanya speaks German very well.

2. I don’t often drink coffee.

3. The swimming pool opens at 7.30 every morning.

4. Bad driving causes many accidents.

5. My parents live in a very small flat.

6. The Olympic Games take place every four years.

7. The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.


1. Julie doesn’t drink tea very often.

2. What time do the banks close here?

3. I’ve got a car, but I don’t use it much.

4. Where does Ricardo come from? From Cuba.

5. What do you do? I’m an electrician.

6. It takes me an hour to get to work. How long does it take you?

7. Look at this sentence. What does this word mean?

8. David isn’t very fit. He doesn’t do any sport.


1. The Earth goes round the Sun.

2. Rice doesn’t grow in Britain.

3. The sun rises in the east.

4. Bees make honey.

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I'm translating some Pynchon. Here's one of those endless and rambling sentences, and I can't figure out what this one part is supposed to mean. Longish sentence below.

From Crying of Lot 49, context is used cars: "Yet at least he had believed in the cars. Maybe to excess: how could he not, seeing people poorer than him come in, Negro, Mexican, cracker, a parade seven days a week, bringing the most godawful of trade-ins: motorized, metal extensions of themselves, of their families and what their whole lives must be like, out there so naked for anybody, a stranger like himself, to look at, frame cockeyed, rusty underneath, fender repainted in a shade just off enough to depress the value, if not Mucho himself, inside smelling hopelessly of children, supermarket booze, two, sometimes three generations of cigarette smokers, or only of dust - and when the cars were swept out you had to look at the actual residue of these lives, and there was no way of telling what things had...

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are words or group of words that qualify or describe other words in a sentence. A modifier can be a single word, a phrase, or a clause.


Read the sentences below to get an idea on modifiers. The modifiers are underlined, and the words that each modifier describes are italicized.

1. The famous architect lived in an old-fashioned house.

2. Robert Frost was born in San Francisco.

3. The duck waddled warily, beginning to suspect danger.

4. Steve became furious when he learned the truth.

Modifiers bring sentences to life by providing vivid description about things and actions. Regardless of length or form (words, phrases, or clauses), modifiers fall into two categories. They function as adjective if they describe people, places, things, or ideas; they function as adverb if they describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.

You might be aware of what adjectives are. The words that modify nouns and pronouns are called...

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Should we say, “What does Gloria and I have in common?” or “What do Gloria and I have in common?”

If you turn the question around to place the subjects first, you would say, “Gloria and I does/do have what in common.”

Gloria and I are the subjects so we need a plural verb. Which verb is plural? We would say she does but we would say they do. So do is the plural verb. Therefore, the answer is, “What do Gloria and I have in common?”

Try this example: “What does/do the children look like in their costumes?”

If you turn the question around to place the subjects first, you would say, “The children does/do look like what in their costumes.”

Because children is a plural subject, we again need the plural verb do.

Try this example: “What does/do the coach expect from the team?

Turning the question around, we realize that our subject is coach, which is singular. Therefore, we would say, “What does the coach expect from the team?”


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... alright, here's the long and detailed answer.

A long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away... well, not quite, but around the same era that these came out, computers started shipping with sound cards. Among the more popular were SoundBlaser, ProAudio Spectrum, and Gravis Ultrasound. We'll ignore the on-chip soundcards that came with Commodore computers. These were all 8-bit soundcards, btw. Sound playback was there, but by modern standards it was pretty crappy.

Then CreativeLabs introduced the SoundBlaster 16 around 1987. Overnight, it became the de facto standard sound card, because unlike all of the competitors, it was 16-bit. It also had a whole bunch of extras in it that made it essential to the power computer, namely a special bus controller on the card that could control CDROM drives. Back in those days, IDE didn't really exist, and a hard drive controller couldn't handle the 1X and 2X CDROM drives that were being made. In fact, you...

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sense; meaning; significance


an opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature


a philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences


in civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases


a short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw


a combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4


to pass or pronounce judgment upon; to...

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I don't mean to insult them.

They are always asking: What does this beauty or that music mean to you?

I mean... he rode ahead so he could make arrangements before you arrived.

"It's good to be home," he whispered, "with the people who mean the most to me."

I mean - does he tell you what to cook for supper and what to wear?

I don't mean to chase you out.

You mean he thinks that he has to take care of his mother, now that his father is gone?

We could take two wagons, but that would mean we'd have to travel slow, and there wouldn't be any animals for riding except Bordeaux's horse.

You mean we're that close?

If you had called these sensations respectively BLACK and WHITE, he would have adopted them as readily; but he would mean by BLACK and WHITE the same things that he means by SWEET and SOUR.

It grieves me to think that I have been the cause of his unhappiness, but of course I did not mean to do it.


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is the largest grammatical unit in language. It communicates a complete thought—an assertion, question, command, or exclamation. In general, assertions and questions—the overwhelming majority of sentences—require a subject and a verb, put together in a way that can stand alone, resulting in what is called an independent clause (see

main clause


He kicked the ball

is a sentence.

After he kicked the ball

is not a sentence; instead it is a dependent clause (see

subordinate clause

). Even though it has a subject and a verb, it needs to be connected to something in order to complete the assertion:

After he kicked the ball, he fell down;


He fell down after he kicked the ball.

In the case of commands, the subject need not be written because “you” is understood:

Go home!


You go home!

And exclamations clearly express excitement, alarm, anger, or the like with no need for either a subject or a...

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The post-conviction stage of the criminal justice process, in which the defendant is brought before the court for the imposition of a penalty.If a defendant is convicted in a criminal prosecution, the event that follows the verdict is called sentencing. A sentence is the penalty ordered by the court. Generally, the primary goals of sentencing are punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. In some states, juries may be entitled to pronounce sentence, but in most states, and in federal court, sentencing is performed by a judge.

For serious crimes, sentencing is usually pronounced at a sentencing hearing, where the prosecutor and the defendant present their arguments regarding the penalty. For violations and other minor charges, sentencing is either predetermined or pronounced immediately after conviction.

Sentencing in the United States has undergone several dramatic transformations. In the eighteenth century, the sentencing of criminal defendants was...

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