What is the difference between “retired out” and “retired not out” in cricket?


This is very clearly covered by Law 2.9:

Batsman retiring

A batsman may retire at any time during his innings when the ball is dead. The umpires, before allowing play to proceed shall be informed of the reason for a batsman retiring.

(a) If a batsman retires because of illness, injury or any other unavoidable cause, he is entitled to resume his innings subject to (c) below. If for any reason he does not do so, his innings is to be recorded as ‘Retired - not out’.

(b) If a batsman retires for any reason other than as in (a) above, he may resume his innings only with the consent of the opposing captain. If for any reason he does not resume his innings it is to be recorded as ‘Retired - out’.

As the Cricbuzz scorecard you've linked to indicates, this was a bit of a strange situation in that the Indian Women continued to bat after reaching their target of 107 runs - basically at this point it had turned into a practice match, so a couple of the...

0 0

Test Cricket vs ODI

If you are from a commonwealth country, you most probably knows a lot about the game of cricket and its different formats (Test Cricket, ODI, 20-20 etc). The people of countries where Britain ruled and were a part of the British Empire love this game which is also known as gentleman’s game. For almost a century after the first Test match was played between England and Australian teams in 1877, there was only test cricket that was played between teams of countries that were qualified to play the game at this level. ODI is a later form of cricket that is very popular and played by the very countries that play test cricket. Though the game remains the same, there are many differences in rules, which will be made clear in this article.

Test Cricket

This is the original format of cricket that started with the first test played between England and Australia in 1877 and continues till date. There are 11 players in competing teams that...

0 0

When you write a subroutine or function, you can pass variables from your main code to that subroutine or function.

If you want to pass the value of the variable, use the ByVal syntax. By passing the value of the variable instead of a reference to the variable, any changes to the variable made by code in the subroutine or function will not be passed back to the main code. This is the default passing mechanism when you don’t decorate the parameters by using ByVal or ByRef.

If you want to change the value of the variable in the subroutine or function and pass the revised value back to the main code, use the ByRef syntax. This passes the reference to the variable and allows its value to be changed and passed back to the main code.

For more information about passing Arguments by Value and by Reference, please refer to MSDN document:


Take a look at the following code snippet and its output. The...

0 0


In cricket, there are 11 different ways in which a batsman can be dismissed and there are 11 batsmen per side - what is the greatest number of different means of dismissal ever recorded in one innings?

Tony Whyte, London

Mr Gillings has got it slightly wrong on one of his instances. The batsman he says was "retired - not hurt" (Gordon Greenidge) was actually recorded as "retired - not out". Even if it was otherwise, no would count retired among the various forms of dismissal.

Graham Bright, London

Hemulal Yadav is the only batsman in first class cricket ever to have been timed out under Law 31. In 1997 in the match between Orissa and Tripura at Cuttack, India a drinks interval was called at the fall of the ninth wicket in Tripura''s first innings, during which the incoming batsman, Yadav, sat on the boundary. The umpires said that he made no attempt to come to the wicket after the break and he was given out following an appeal by Orissa....
0 0
There is a huge difference between match fixing and betting. Betting is legal in many countries while match fixing is illegal everywhere on the planet.

Let's have a look at betting first. Betting which is legal in many countries is kind of profession as well. People guess the match results and get money for that. There are agencies where one can bet. Betting is popular online today as well. Websites like betfair.com are one of the best ones for betting. There are different rates for different teams and results. Usually the price is high for weaker teams. For example if India is playing Zimbabwe in a cricket match and you place a bet of 100 rupees for India, you might get only 200 when India wins but if you place a bet on Zimbabwe and they won, you are likely to get 8-10 times more money that you placed. It varies place to place.

Now let's talk about match fixing. Match fixing is done by players by accepting money from gamblers. Some big gamblers who place bets of millions,...

0 0


Bowled is a common dismissalVideo: Different bowlers in action in cricket getting a batsman out - bowledWatch

The batsman has to try and defend his wicket from being 'put down'. The wicket is "put down" if a bail is removed from its resting position or a stump is uprooted from the ground. if the delivered ball puts the batsman's wicket down, either due to the batsman failing to hit the ball, or off a deflection of his bat or body, the batsman is out – bowled. If it is put down either by the body or bat of the batsman, in attempting to play the ball, he is also out – hit-wicket.

Video: Hit-Wicket is a dismissal when the batsman dislodges the bails either with his body or batWatch

'Bowled' is similar to the strikeout in baseball.

If the batsman hits the ball with his bat, it is called a shot or stroke. If the ball brushes the side of the bat it is called an edge or snick. Shots are named for the style of swing of the bat and the direction in the field to...

0 0

In the sport of cricket, a dismissal occurs when the batsman is out (also known as the fielding side taking a wicket and/or the batting side losing a wicket). At this point a batsman must discontinue batting and leave the field permanently for the innings. A bowling team dismisses (or bowls out) the entire batting team by dismissing 10 of the 11 players (assuming player(s) from the batting team have not retired hurt or are absent). As the players bat in pairs, when only one person is undismissed, it is not possible for them to bat any longer.


Once dismissed, a batsman cannot score any more runs in that innings. Thus dismissal is often the best way to control the runs scored in an innings, and prevent the batting side from either achieving their target score or posting a large total for the fielding side to follow in the next innings.

Additionally, in Test cricket it is usually necessary for a side fielding last to have dismissed ten players of the...

0 0

by Ravindar

I have one question. Sometimes when I speak I wonder how can I can know when to put the correct word of use "AT" " and or "IN".

I am in the class,
I am at the factory,
I am at the bank,
He is at home...etc

Thanks for your continious continuous posting Diana.

Hi Ravindar,

Thanks for asking! This is not a silly question. Many people find prepositions difficult. Regarding the difference between AT and IN, here is a general explanation.

You probably already know that both AT and IN are used to describe position, but there are some differences.

Here are some rules;


-AT describes position at a specific point.
It's very cold at the bottom of the ocean.

-AT is also used with a larger place (a store, bank, airport etc)
Let's meet at the bank

-AT is used before the names of group activities at a party, at a meeting, at a play, at a...

0 0

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In the sport of cricket, a dismissal occurs when the batsman is out (also known as the fielding side taking a wicket and/or the batting side losing a wicket). At this point a batsman must discontinue batting and leave the field permanently for the innings.


Once dismissed, a batsman cannot score any more runs in that innings. Thus dismissal is the best way to control the runs scored in an innings, and prevent the batting side from either achieving their target score or posting a large total for the fielding side to follow in the next innings.

Additionally, in Test cricket it is necessary for a side fielding last to have dismissed ten players of the opposing team in their final innings to achieve victory.


By convention, dismissal decisions are handled primarily by the players - thus if the dismissal is obvious the batsman will voluntarily leave the field without the umpire needing to...

0 0

A common refrain in the global marketplace is that a company that consistently spends on fixed assets lays the groundwork for long-term success, doing so with the belief that today’s technological investments will help secure tomorrow’s profits. Investors delve into corporate financial statements to figure out what motivates top management to spend on fixed assets and how accountants record accumulated depreciation.


A fixed expenditure is cash a company spends on a fixed asset, also known as a tangible resource or capital asset. Depreciation is the periodic spreading of a fixed asset's cost. Accumulated depreciation is total cost a business has allocated since it purchased a fixed resource. Other similar terms for a fixed asset are “long-term asset” and “physical asset.” Examples include machinery used in corporate production processes, company cars, computer gear, land, commercial establishments and residential dwellings. At the federal and state...

0 0

Generally, people who get paid a "salary" get their money monthly, and get the same amount each month. A salary usually doesn't change based on the number of hours you work.

If you get paid a "salary", you usually say things like "I make $30,000 a year."

If you get paid a wage, it usually means that you get a certain amount per hour. The more hours you work, the more money you will make.

Here are some examples with "wage" and "wages":

What's the minimum wage in the U.S. these days?

Most people in the film industry don't even make a decent living wage.

The government takes almost 30% of your wages for taxes.

They're considering cutting wages due to the recession.

"Wages" usually refers to the actual money that a person makes, while "wage" is a more abstract idea of the rate for a person's...

0 0
Expert: replied 6 years ago.

Communication is a process in which something is being imparted, exchanged, conveyed, or otherwise transmitted. There is a particular purpose or message that is intended in communication, and in some respects, an agenda.
In contrast, information is more akin to knowledge, something that is gleaned through studying, researching, or even communicating. The information itself is shaped by the individual interpreting it, but it isn't necessarily biased by agenda. Information would be considered more along the lines of factual, whereas communication would be largely subjective. Along those same lines, it is possible to convey information to another person with the intent of communication, but without the proper method find the attempt is ineffective. Communication attempts to create an understanding of the subject of the message, whereas information does not necessarily have a purpose until one is created for it by someone who interprets it.

0 0


Authentication confirms who you are. For example, you can login to your Unix server using ssh client, or access the server using POP3 and SMTP email client. Typically, PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules) is used as a low-level authentication schemes into a high level application programming interface (API), which allows programs that rely on authentication to be written independently of the underlying authentication scheme.


Authorization is the process to confirm what you are authorized to perform. For example, you are allowed to login to your Unix server via ssh client, but you are not allowed to browser / data2 or other file systems. Authorization occurs after authentication is successful. Authorization can be controlled at the level of file system or use a variety of configuration options such as application level chroot. Normally, the connection attempt should be good authentication and authorization by the system. You can...

0 0

Can you write an article on difference between FDI and FII citing examples?


A lot has been written on FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) and FII (Foreign Institutional Investor) already, and I found a great succinct explanation from Business Line explaining the difference between FDI and FII investments as one flowing into the stock market (FII) and the other flowing into the primary market (FDI), and all other differences emerging out of that one key point.

FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) is when a foreign company invests in India directly by setting up a wholly owned subsidiary or getting into a joint venture, and conducting their business in India.

IBM India is a wholly owned subsidiary of IBM, and is a good example of FDI where a foreign company has set up a subsidiary in India and is conducting its business through that company. What’s amazing about IBM is that, it is now the largest Indian IT company in India. It is serving Indian...

0 0

You must always be confused when you are asked about difference between microprocessors and microcontrollers. As it seems to be same but it’s not. So let’s discuss about them and point out the major differences between them.


It’s like a small computer on a single IC. It contains a processor core, ROM, RAM and I/O pins dedicated to perform various tasks. Microcontrollers are generally used in projects and applications that require direct control of user. As it has all the components needed in its single chip, it does not need any external circuits to do its task so microcontrollers are heavily used in embedded systems and major microcontroller manufacturing companies are making them to be used in embedded market. A microcontroller can be called the heart of embedded system. Some examples of popular microcontrollers are 8051, AVR, PIC series of microcontrollers,.

Above is architecture of 8051 microcontroller. And you can see all the...

0 0

Dismissal of a batsman

Dismissal of the batsmen, also known as taking a wicket or getting the batsman out, can occur in a number of ways.

Bowled: If a bowler's delivery hits the stumps and dislodges a bail, the "striker" (the batsman facing the bowler) is out. The ball can either have struck the stumps directly, or have been deflected off the bat or body of the batsman. However, the batsman is not out bowled if the ball is touched by a fielder before hitting the stumps. Caught: If the striker strikes the ball with the bat and the ball is caught by the bowler or a fielder before it hits the ground, then the striker is out. Stumped: If the striker steps in front of the crease to play the ball leaving no part of his anatomy or the bat behind, and the wicket keeper is able to remove the bails from the wicket with the ball, then the striker is out. Run out: If a fielder uses the ball to remove the bails from either set of stumps whilst the batsmen are running between...
0 0


Nottingham, August 2015. Stuart Broad seams the ball off a green pitch and runs through Australia, who are bowled out for 60. Their innings lasts all of 18.3 overs.

Nagpur, November 2015. R Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja spin South Africa out for 79 on a second-day surface riddled with cracks and frequently throwing up puffs of dust. Their innings lasts 33.1 overs.

What's the difference?

At Trent Bridge, Broad keeps the seam upright, and keeps everything in the corridor outside off stump. Some balls move in, others leave the batsman. It is hard to tell if Broad himself knows which way the ball will go.

At the VCA Stadium, Jadeja fires the ball into the surface, in line with the stumps. The ball sometimes spits away from the right-hand batsman and at other times hurries through with the angle - very often, both outcomes come about with Jadeja spinning the ball with the same force and the same angle of rotation.

What's the...

0 0

Retired hurt
If a batsman is injured or falls ill while batting, he may retire and resume his innings at the dismissal or retirement of another batsman. If he cannot return by the end of the innings, the batting side must close its innings after all other batsmen are dismissed (excluding the not-out batsman).

In the history of cricket there are only two times a batsman was out by this term retired-out. Both of them are Srilankan cricket players and both the instances were held in a same match.
Generally, retired-outs are happened only in warm-up matches where the result is not as much important. So this dismissal term was not included in the standard dismissal terms.

Retired not-outs
Retired not-outs are very common as you said, it may be due to any reason, since the batsman can re-enter at...

0 0

depends on the credit card company, but most of them allow you to pay online. Of the dozen cards I've had, I've yet to come across one that does not allow you to pay online. It's the "in" thing to do now :) : Yes, you can pay your bills online. It's hassle free and a real time saver. I prefer paying…

Popularity: 21

From the point of view of a right-handed batsman facing the bowler, the right hand side of the cricket field (being to the bowler's left). With a left-handed batsman the off side is to the batter's left. Off side is the side they are facing.

Popularity: 67

Ok, it has two teams, you play on an oval field which has a rectangular pitch, you play in the middle of it, the pitch is 22 yards in length, each team has 11 players, and generally 1 sub player, at the start of the game, the captain from each team goes out to the middle with the umpires. And you to…

Popularity: 11

The first camel crickets were native to the country of India. However, they were...

0 0

On Fri, 17 Jun 2005 21:00:33 +1000, "dechucka"
> wrote:

>"Brian Lawrence" wrote in message
>> "dechucka" wrote:
>>> "Brian Lawrence" wrote:
>>>> "dechucka" wrote:
>>>>> Hayden and Ponting retiring out in the recent Somerset game I got
>>>>> thinking ( lets take all the jokes as said ) about batsmen retiring out
>>>>> in Test cricket . I can only think of the incident a couple of years
>>>>> ago of 2 Sri Lankan batsman who retired out in a Test against
>>>>> Bangladesh. Are there any other examples in Test cricket.
>>>> Gordon Greenidge retired absent at the end of the third day of the fifth
>>>> Test
>>>> at St John's in 1983 (Test #956). He flew to Barbados to be with his
>>>> two-year-
>>>> old daughter who was critically ill - she died a couple of days after
>>>> the
0 0