What set of rules say that scratching requires the player to take another ball out of a pocket?

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In the World Pool-Billiard Association rules of 8-Ball, you only call one ball and one pocket on each shot. As long as that ball falls into that pocket, your turn continues. If it does not, your turn ends and your opponent takes over. Any balls that fall into pockets on your shot stay in the pockets.

If you intend to pocket two balls in one shot, you only need to call one for your turn to continue.

Keep in mind that there are different rules used for different tournaments.

From WPA Rules of Play, General Rules, 1.6 Standard Call Shot:

1.6 Standard Call Shot
In games in which the shooter is required to call shots, the intended ball and pocket must be indicated for each shot if they are not obvious. Details of the shot, such as cushions struck or other balls contacted or pocketed are irrelevant. Only one ball may be called on each shot.
For a called shot to count, the referee must be satisfied that the intended shot was made, so if there is any...

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Three-ball (or "3-ball", colloquially) is a folk game of pool played with any three standard pool object balls and cue ball. The game is frequently gambled upon (typically for a twenty dollars (or equivalent) ante per round). The goal is to pocket (pot) the three object balls in as few shots as possible.[1][2][3][4] Theoretically, any number of players can participate, in rotation,[1][3] but more than five can become unwieldy. The game involves a somewhat more significant amount of luck than either nine-ball or eight-ball, because of the disproportionate value of pocketing balls on the break shot and increased difficulty of doing so. In some areas and subcultures, such as the Asian-American youth-dominated pool hall scene of San Francisco, California, three-ball is a popular local tournament game.[citation needed]

Racking a game of three-ball with the standard fifteen-ball triangle rack.

[taller view]

Contents

There are no widespread official or...

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It comes from Bar Pool.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glo...

Bar Pool is an older less standard, less clear, and arguably less fair set of rules that have been passed down from generation to generation in bars and family pool rooms. Sometimes Bar Rules are called Call Shot rules or Straight Eight. Referring to the ambiguous rule that requires all nuances of the shot be called, including but not necessarily limited to the balls involved, the cushions involved, how many times contact with each occur etc on any shot where the object ball does not go in "clean"; i.e. anything other than cue ball hits object ball and object ball goes directly in the pocket without touching any other balls or even the corner of the rail.

Bar rules seem to be designed to cause bar fights, professional and league rules are designed to prevent them.

It sounds like you learned some variant of the World Standardized Rules. These have evolved over time to eliminate ambiguity. Significant...

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The first actual evidence of billiards was found in the 1470 inventory of King Louis XI of France, in the form of a billiards game board. However, the game is said to have originated earlier as an outdoor lawn game played as early as the 13th century. It was mostly played by the wealthy, and provided them with both entertainment as well as social status. There are a variety of games in billiards, such as 8-ball, 9-ball, cowboy billiards, snooker, and cut throat billiards, to name a few. There is also a form of the game known as carom billiards, which is played on a table which does not have any pockets at all.

Here are the basic rules that apply to most pocket billiard games.

Lag for Break: The following procedure is used for the lag for the opening break (nominating the player to commence the game). Each player holds a ball behind the head string on either side of the head spot. The balls are shot simultaneously to the foot cushion and rebound to the head cushion...

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3. Eight Ball

3. Eight Ball
Eight ball is played with fifteen numbered object balls and the cue ball. The shooter’s group of seven balls (one through seven or nine through fifteen) must all be off the table before he attempts to pocket the eight ball to win. Shots are called.

3.1 Determining First Break
The player winning the lag has the option to determine who has to execute the first break shot. (See 1.2 Lagging to Determine Order of Play.) The standard format is alternate break (See Regulation 16, Subsequent Break Shots.)

3.2 Eight Ball Rack
The fifteen object balls are racked as tightly as possible in a triangle, with the apex ball on the foot spot and the eight ball as the first ball that is directly below the apex ball. One from each group of seven will be on the two lower corners of the triangle. The other balls are placed in the triangle without purposeful or intentional pattern..


Eight Ball Rack

top

3.3...

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There are a variety of games played on billiard tables. The games are split into two general categories: pocket billiards and carom billiards.

Pocket billiards

Called pool by most people, pocket billiards has six holes (pockets): one in each of the four corners and one in the middle of each long side of the table. An interesting fact is how the name pool came about. As pocket billiards increased in popularity in England in the late 1800s and early 1900s, gambling houses called pool rooms installed the tables as another form of entertainment. They were called pool rooms because people would place bets into a common fund ("pool") that would pay out to the winners. Eventually, the billiards tables proved so popular that they became the predominant entertainment at these establishments and the name "pool room" came to refer to a place where you played pocket billiards, and therefore pocket billiards became "pool."

8-ball - Arguably the most popular billiards game in...
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This article is about the American-style game. For the British-style game often called "8-ball pool", see

Blackball (pool)

.

One of numerous proper

racks

in standardized eight-ball: The two rear corner balls are of different

suits

, the 8 ball is in the center, and the apex ball is on the

foot spot

.

Eight-ball (often spelled 8-ball or eightball, and sometimes called solids and stripes, spots and stripes in the UK[1] or, more rarely, bigs and littles/smalls, highs and lows, halves and wholes.) is a poolgame popular in much of the world, and the subject of international professional and amateur competition. Played on a pool table with six pockets, the game is so universally known in some countries that beginners are often unaware of other pool games and believe the word "pool" itself refers to eight-ball. The game has numerous variations, mostly regional. Standard eight-ball is the second most competitive professional pool game, after...

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This is not a standard rule. According to the World Pool-Billiard Association rules, the only penalty for a foul is the following

3.9 Standard Fouls If the shooter commits a foul, play passes to his opponent. The cue ball is in hand, and the incoming player may place it anywhere on the playing surface. (See 1.5 Cue Ball in Hand.)

The rule further specifies that no object ball other than the 8-ball is ever spotted (rule3.7). The Billiard Congress of America (BCA) uses the above rules.

Edited this section after finding APA rules online The American Poolplayers Association 8-ball rules do specify that object balls are spotted if they have been knocked on the floor (Rule 6). An object ball knocked on the floor is not a foul, but it is spotted after the player's shot is complete or after he misses, whichever comes later.

This is Rule 6

BALL ON THE FLOOR -- If the 8-ball is knocked on the floor , it is loss of game. Object balls knocked on the floor...
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I'm assuming we're talking about American 8-ball and not English 8-ball, given your link to the WPBA rules. I'm not up on English rules, but from what I recall of the game it's not that different, just the balls are colored differently.

First, the WPBA is not the only billiards governing association, so theirs is not the "official" rules of 8-ball. They're only official for WPBA sanctioned events. There are a number of other local and national (and international) organizations that publish their own variations of rules, many of which are drastically different in some ways. For instance:

APA 8-ball is a slop game -- pockets are not called except for when shooting the 8-ball. Most other official 8-ball rules require pocketed balls be called (except on break). In APA, pocketing the 8-ball on the break wins the game. This is also common for most "house" or bar rules. However in BCA and WPBA, the 8-ball is spotted and play continues. Most house/bar rules insist that following a...
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Snooker table, drawn to scale

Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. It is played using a cue and snooker balls: one white cue ball, 15 red balls worth one point each (can also be played with fewer red balls, often 10), and six balls of different colours: yellow (2 points), green (3), brown (4), blue (5), pink (6), black (7).[1] A player (or team) wins a frame (individual game) of snooker by scoring more points than the opponent(s), using the cue ball to pot the red and coloured balls. A player (or team) wins a match when they have achieved the best-of score from a pre-determined number of frames. The number of frames is always odd so as to prevent a tie.

The table[edit]

Snooker is played on a rectangular snooker table with six pockets, one at each corner and one in the middle of each long side. The table usually has a slate base, covered...

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Before reading these, you should consult the General Rules of Pocket Billiards. Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General Rules of Pocket Billiards apply when playing 8 Ball.

8 Ball Rules - How to Play 8 Ball

This page contains references to some material that is copyrighted by the Billiard Congress of America. Any modification or sale of such information herein is strictly prohibited by the laws governing that copyright. Please direct questions regarding interpretation of the following, or information on how to receive the current BCA "Billiards - The Official Rules and Records book" to the Billiard Congress of America.

If there are any terms throughout the 8 ball Billiards rules that you do not understand, you can search our billiard terms glossary in the search box near the top left of the page, or search the billiard terms glossary directly. I have also included the Billiard Congress of America's reference numbers, so that...

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INTRODUCTION

Golf is a game in which a ball is struck with a club from a prepared area, known as the "teeing ground", across fairway and rough to a second prepared area, which has a hole in it, known as the "putting green". The object of the game is to complete what is known as a hole by playing a ball from the teeing ground into the hole on the putting green in the fewest possible number of strokes. A "round of golf' consists of playing 18 such holes.

There are basically two forms of play, one which is decided by holes won and lost (match play) and the other which is decided by the total number of strokes taken to complete the round (stroke play).

There are three important principles to remember when playing golf:
Play the course as you find it. Play the Ball as it lies.
And if you can't do either, do what's fair."
To do what's fair you need to know the Rules. The following is a summary of the Rules of Golf, simplified where...

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Game play in American football consists of a series of downs, individual plays of short duration, outside of which the ball is dead or not in play. These can be plays from scrimmage – passes, runs, punts, or field goal attempts (from either a place kick or a drop kick) – or free kicks such as kickoffs and fair catch kicks. Substitutions can be made between downs, which allows for a great deal of specialization as coaches choose the players best suited for each particular situation. During a play, each team should have no more than 11 players on the field, and each of them has specific tasks assigned for that specific play.

Objective of the game[edit]

The objective of this game is to score more points than the other team during the allotted time.[1] The team with the ball (the offense) has 4 plays (downs) to advance at least 10 yards, and can score points once they reach the opposite end of the field, which is home to a scoring zone called the end zone, as well as...

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The following is a basic set of instructions for the friendly play of the game of Billiards and Snooker including additional comments designed to assist with the understanding of the game. Note: 1 foot = 30.48 cm

Billiards

Equipment

A full-size Billiards table measures twelve feet by six feet, one and a half inches and has a baize-covered slate bed. The four edges of the table feature rubber edges covered in baize called "cushions". Six "pockets" are situated one at each corner plus one at the centre of each long side of the table into which the balls can drop. The six pockets normally have a net or a small collecting channel to catch the balls. Two feet, five inches from one end, a line is drawn across the table called the "baulk" line. Any ball between the baulk line and the nearest end is generally referred to as being "in baulk". A semi-circle is inscribed within the baulk area with is axis as the...

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