Why has India been refusing DRS (Decision review system) in Cricket?


Decision Review System (DRS) has been amidst controversy since its inception. What was designed to be an improvement in the game has turned out to be an unnecessary complication, creating some divide between the cricket fraternity.

Implemented to reduce howlers

DRS was introduced with the objective of reducing number of howlers meted out by umpires. It was born out of the womb of technology to erase the faults of human judgement. As time went by, DRS has been the cause of distress on more occasions than an agent to allay it. It has made a beautiful sport into a needless muddle of technology and numbers.

DRS may have its own advantages like the fact that it can potentially help in improving the accuracy of decisions. With a bit of mathematics, we can show that

P(c) = P(u) + P(u') * P(r) = 0.8 + (0.2*0.9) = 0.98, where

P(c) = probability of a correct decision given by umpire using DRS

P(u) = probability that umpire makes a correct...

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India's long-standing opposition to the Decision Review System has softened, with the system to be trialled during the Test series against England later this year.

A successful trial could see the system used for Australia's four-Test tour next February and March, dates and venues for which were announced today by the Board of Control for Cricket in India.

India's long-standing opposition to the system – they have claimed that ball-tracking technology was not accurate enough, particularly for the sharp turn spinners extract on subcontinental surfaces – has largely been overcome thanks to improvements, aided in part by researchers from the fabled Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Quick Single: India set dates for Australia showdown

Hawk-Eye, the British company that is the propriety owner of the technology, travelled to India with officials from the International Cricket Council, to showcase the changes to the BCCI, prompting the change in...

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The influential Indian board (BCCI) has long been a staunch opponent of the DRS system, which aims at reducing umpiring howlers by detecting edges and predicting the ball trajectory to ensure correct catch and leg-before decisions.

"In the meeting with the ICC and the Hawk-Eye officials, the improvements made to the system were further evaluated by the BCCI team, who were satisfied that most of the concerns and suggestions that were expressed by BCCI over a period of time, were addressed to a significant extent," the board said.

India played in the first series that used DRS against Sri Lanka in 2008 but the BCCI have since refused to allow its use in any bilateral series involving its team.

Test captain Virat Kohli recently hinted that India were finally ready to embrace the system.

"We are happy to note that Hawk-Eye has institutionalised all the recommendations made by BCCI, and we confirm that this improved version of DRS...

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India has a fascinating history with the Decision Review System. It was involved in its conception, was one of the first two countries to put it to trial, and then became the only nation to refuse to use it in bilateral engagements. The DRS was a result of the Sydney Test of 2008, in which consistently poor umpiring created a fractious atmosphere, leading to some of the ugliest scenes cricket has seen. The administrators realised that the umpire, the person with the greatest responsibility on the field, was the least empowered. Television had begun to provide access to information the umpire would have benefited from, but did not; yet he was judged on it. India and Sri Lanka were the first to audition it in a three-Test series in 2008. But it was this very experience that shaped much of India’s opposition: the argument was that the technology wasn’t faultless and it allowed room for unskilled human intervention. While the rest of world cricket embraced the DRS, with a vast majority...

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The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has been against the use of Decision Review System, saying it is not 100 percent accurate. But the BCCI have taken a soft stance, and decided to use the DRS in the Test series against England, which starts next month. The cricket board will use the system on a trial basis and see the improvements made in the system.

A meeting took shape between Hawkeye officials, the India cricket board and the International Cricket Council (ICC), in which they talked about the DRS. The BCCI were quite satisfied with the improvements shown, and have decided to use it for the England series.

If the DRS system is deemed to be a success during the England Test series, BCCI will use it during other bilateral series as well. Though India might have been against the use of DRS, they have been using it in ICC events, as it is mandatory for participating countries.

"We are happy to note that Hawkeye has institutionalised all the...

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The International Cricket Council (ICC) on February 7 announced that the perennially controversial Decision Review System (DRS) will be put to use in the upcoming ICC World Cup for all the 49 matches like the previous 2011 edition.

The technologies to be used are Real-time Snicko and Hawkeye ball-tracking, while Hot Spot will be excluded from the system. This system was officially introduced in 2008 and came into force in the ODIs in 2011. It has also been part of the 2013 edition of the Champions trophy.

So what is it that makes this system a much talked about topic?

Firstly, its sheer existence.

The DRS was introduced with the objective of eliminating the howler – the poor decision taken due to nuances missed with the naked eye, which with assistance of this technology could be avoided. But, the fact of the matter is, that this technology isn’t completely foolproof and has been the reason for more problems than solutions in the past.


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IMAGE: The Indian players appeal for a wicket during a Test match against South Africa, in Delhi, in December 2015. Photograph: BCCI.

India will use the Decision Review System (DRS) on a trial basis in the upcoming five-test series against England to assess improvements made to the technology, the country's cricket board said on Friday.

The influential Indian board (BCCI) has long been a staunch opponent of the DRS system, which aims at reducing umpiring howlers by detecting edges and predicting the ball trajectory to ensure correct catch and leg-before decisions.

"In the meeting with the ICC and the Hawk-Eye officials, the improvements made to the system were further evaluated by the BCCI team, who were satisfied that most of the concerns and suggestions that were expressed by BCCI over a period of time, were addressed to a significant extent," the board said.

India played in the first series that used DRS against Sri Lanka in 2008 but the...

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With a huge and flourishing democracy, and an increasingly important economy, India and its leaders now bestride the global stage with increased confidence.

But this week the world got a glimpse of what it’s like when India starts throwing its weight around, something followers of cricket have become accustomed to in recent years. The planet’s second-most populous nation basically overruled the rest of the world—or at least the other 159 members of the World Trade Organization—by refusing to sign a new accord to standardize global customs rules. The so-called “Bali Agreement” was poised to become the most important trade pact in decades, and according to some economists, had the potential to boost global growth by as much as $1 trillion. The deal collapsed at the eleventh hour midweek after India demanded concessions allowing it to stockpile agricultural supplies (effectively subsidizing its domestic industry). Diplomats were “flabbergasted” by New Delhi’s stance, according...

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International cricket has been utilising the DRS since 2009 Stuart Broad saw the wicket of Nuwan Pradeep overturned on review during first Test draw against Sri Lanka at Lord's

Published: 12:10 GMT, 17 June 2014 | Updated: 12:10 GMT, 17 June 2014

England have been blocked in their attempt to use video technology in next month’s showcase Test series against India with administrators for world cricket’s super power refusing a request to introduce the controversial Decision Review System.

Officials from the England and Wales Cricket asked India, the only cricket-playing nation in the world that does not employ DRS, to consider its introduction for the four-Test series in the hope that Sachin Tendulkar’s recent retirement would encourage a change in position.

It had been a widely held belief that Tendulkar’s distrust of the system - introduced in 2009 by the ICC to allow players a limited number of challenges to umpire’s on-field...

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India will continue their defiant stand against the most contentious aspect of the umpire decision review system, predicting the path of the ball for lbw decisions, despite a recommendation from a second key committee of the game's global governing body that it should be made mandatory in all Test cricket.

That means Hawk-Eye, or another ball-tracking system, is unlikely to be used in England's four-Test series in India later this year, which will be a disappointment to the England players who have regularly stated their support for the technology.

The chief executives committee of the International Cricket Council, including David Collier of the England and Wales Cricket Board, followed the ICC's cricket committee – whose chairman Clive Lloyd, the former West Indies captain, was present at their meeting in Malaysia – by recommending "the universal application of the DRS" after being convinced by further research into ball-tracking results conducted by Dr Ed Rosten,...

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The Umpire Decision Review System (abbreviated as UDRS or DRS) is a technology-based system used in the sport of cricket. The system was first introduced in Test cricket, for the sole purpose of reviewing controversial decisions made by the on-field umpires as to whether or not a batsman had been dismissed. The system was first tested in an India v Sri Lanka match in 2008,[1] and was officially launched by the International Cricket Council (ICC) on 24 November 2009 during the first Test match between New Zealand and Pakistan at the University Oval in Dunedin.[2][3] It was first used in One Day Internationals (ODI) in January 2011, during England's tour of Australia.[4] The ICC initially made the UDRS mandatory in all international matches,[5] but later made its use optional, so that the system would only be used if both teams agree. The ICC has agreed to continue to work on the technology and will try to incorporate its use into all ICC events.[6]

In October 2012, the ICC...

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It didn't take long for the Decision Review System to become a topic of debate in the Indian innings on day three of the first Commonwealth Bank Test.

Video Above: Australian players shared their views in August with cricket.com.au on DRS not being used in this series

Nathan Lyon made a vociferous appeal for an lbw decision against India opener Murali Vijay after he was struck on the pad with the final ball of the 22nd over of the innings.

The decision was turned down, and Australia captain Michael Clarke might have contemplated using a review, if one had been available.

As it was, the umpire was correct with the not out decision, the Nine Network's vision showing Lyon's delivery would have missed the stumps.

Of course, no DRS is in use during a Test series in which India play after objections from the Board for Control of Cricket in India.

It became of topic of debate for the Wide World of Sports commentary team, with Shane Warne...

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There was high farce again on Friday when the Indian team was refused the wicket of David Warner on 70.

The fielding team went up as one when a short ball from Varun Aaron appeared to be gloved down the leg side to wicketkeeper Wriddhiman Saha.

The beseeching mass appeal was turned down. The bowler was demonstratively upset and so was his skipper, Virat Kohli, who over-questioned umpire Ian Gould as to why it was given not out.


Gould could easily have responded, “If you had agreed to use DRS like everyone else you could find out for yourself.”

Replays indicated that Warner had in fact gloved the ball through to the keeper.

Earlier, in India’s first innings, Nathan Lyon was the recipient of a free wicket when Saha was given out caught at slip by Shane Watson. Saha stood his ground for an instant after the finger was raised before trudging off the ground shaking his head.


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Jagmohan Dalmiya, the BCCI's interim president, has said that the board will accept the Decision Review System (DRS) only when the technology used is "fool-proof". Dalmiya said that the DRS has created confusion in its current form and the BCCI would adopt the technology once the system was "100% correct".

"We will accept DRS when technology is foolproof. There's nothing in between. Full stop," Dalmiya told the Indian Express. "Let them come up with a system which is 100% correct. They couldn't fix the Duckworth-Lewis problem in 15 years, what guarantee do we have about an error-free DRS? The Duckworth-Lewis method is beyond most of the players and administrators, let alone the common fans. I am still trying to figure out how a team total is increased on the basis of projection. The whole process is very complicated and confusing. And rather than solving the riddle, DRS creates more confusion in its present form."

Dalmiya also said that he had expected India to be...

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As has been the case with cricket of late, a debate as important as the implementation of the Decision Review System (DRS) has degenerated to India v the world. The BCCI's my-way-or-the-highway approach and the shrill response from some of the other countries threatens to stand in the way of a reasonable discussion about the genuine issues regarding the DRS in its current form.

Making DRS mandatory is a move that has huge consequences for the game, and we can't talk enough before implementing it. No matter how persuasive the argument for DRS is, no matter how heavy-handed the BCCI can sometimes be, in its present form the DRS needs discussion. On various levels.

The first might be...

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The BCCI's position

The BCCI's opposition to the Decision Review System has been linked to three main factors.

1) The technology is not 100% accurate

BCCI president N Srinivasan said in December 2012:

We don't believe the technology is good enough [...] if you want to use technology it must be perfect. [...] I'm not against technology but one should be cautious and we should be clear what it is that we are trying to achieve. If you say my correct decision percentage has gone up from 94 to 95.6, is that all you are looking to achieve? It is relative.

Dave Richardson, the president of the ICC, suggested in March 2013 that unfavourable decisions against key India players may have contributed to the BCCI's opposition:

When they first trialled it [...] the technology wasn't very good. The players weren't used to it so every time the Indians asked for a review it went against them. I think it was Sehwag or one of their star batsmen who...

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