Why is a baseball runner “out” when you hit him with the throw to first?


For the last-half of the distance to first base, a runner should not step inside the foul line, for if a fielder makes a throw parallel down the line to first, it is construed that the runner is interfering with pay.

There is a second chalk line, along the first base line, called the 45-foot line for just this purpose, defining the 3-foot wide runner's lane a runner must be within.

MLB Rule 6.05(k) In running the last half of the distance from home base to first base, while the ball is being fielded to first base, he runs outside (to the right of) the three-foot line, or inside (to the left of) the foul line, and in the umpires judgment in so doing interferes with the fielder taking the throw at first base, in which case the ball is dead; except that he may run outside (to the right of) the threefoot line or inside (to the left of) the foul line to avoid a fielder attempting to field a batted ball;

Rule 6.05(k) Comment: The lines marking the...

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That could possibly be considered interference. The initial throw to the third baseman was legal and just a bad throw, with a legal run scoring. On the second throw to home, however, play should have been stopped by the umpire. Once a player is called out they are to return to the dugout directly, but his continuation on the base path was not necessarily an interference (stated below). This means that play should have been stopped and the batter should have been at first. Section 5.02 reads:

"5.02 After the umpire calls “Play” the ball is alive and in play and remains alive and in play until for legal cause, or at the umpire’s call of “Time” suspending play, the ball becomes dead. While the ball is dead no player may be put out, no bases may be run and no runs may be scored, except that runners may advance one or more bases as the result of acts which occurred while the ball was alive (such as, but not limited to a balk, an over- throw, interference, or a home run or other...

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When? This evolved over time to what we know in modern baseball today. The first known time the players were instructed to run counterclockwise was in 1839 (page 40, Early Professional Baseball and the Sporting Press, R. Terry Furst, 2014).

One mandate regarding running counterclockwise in the MLB was made after Herman Schaefer stole first from second(1). This is covered under Rule 5.09(b)(10) of the 2016 MLB Rule Book.

Any runner is out when:

After he has acquired legal possession of a base, he runs the bases in reverse order for the purpose of confusing the defense or making a travesty of the game. The umpire shall immediately call “Time” and declare the runner out;

Why? This article dives into factors that can be summarized by stating that the game of baseball developed into what it is today because the general population is predominately right-handed. This, as a result, influenced specializing skills such as switch hitting and left-handed batting...

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In the early days of baseball, with runners on second and third base, the runner on second base could steal first base in an attempt to draw a throw from the catcher, so that the runner on third base could score. (Germany Schafer was anecdotally know for this type of shenanigan.) In this respect, it is similar to the more conventional delayed double steal: runners on first and third base; runner on first base steals second; runner on third base steals home after the ball is thrown to second base. Under the current version of the rules, however, this kind of maneuver is prohibited:

Any runner is out when --
(i) After he has acquired legal possession of a base, he runs the bases in reverse order for the purpose of confusing the defense or making a travesty of the game. The umpire shall immediately call Time and declare the runner out;"

This rule does only prohibit intentional backwards steals, which led to a strange play by Milwaukee Brewers shortstop...

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The Major League Baseball rule book covers almost every imaginable situation that can occur in a game, including situations in which a batter or runner comes in contact with a batted ball. Whether the runner is out or allowed to advanced to the next base usually depends on the umpire's determination of whether contact with the ball was avoidable.

If a batted ball hits a runner in fair territory, the umpire must determine whether or not contact with the ball was deliberate. If the umpire determines that the runner intentionally made contact with a batted ball or otherwise hindered a fielder from making a play on a batted ball, the runner is called out.

If a batter hits the ball into fair territory, he must run to first base. However, if he makes contact with the ball while running to first base before a fielder touches the ball, the batter is out. If the batter hits or bunts the ball and his bat hits the ball...

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Baseball rules, first base running lane. What is it and why is it there?

As you look out onto a baseball field, regardless of its' dimensions, you will notice a chalk line marked along the first base foul line, in foul territory.

This line starts halfway to first base and extends to the backside of the first base bag.

The first base line is the only double baseline. It designates what is called the "first base running lane".


The batter-runner is required to run in this three foot zone, the last half of the distance to first base. Both feet must be in or over the 3' zone, one foot in and one foot out is not good enough. If both feet are in the lane; but the throw hits the runners' arm, which is outside the lane, there is no violation. If the runner is hit by the throw or a collision occurs on his last step before touching the base, generally interference is not called. The runner has to step into fair territory to touch the base, which is...
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Which Red Sox first baseman blew the sixth game of the 1986 World Series by letting a ground ball roll through his legs? Catcher Ernie Lombardi was the first catcher in history to win two season batting titles. His first title came in 1938 with the Reds when he batted .342 and also won the MVP Award. Which Major League season record did Ernie also set in that season? For the first time in American League history in 1929, fans watched a game where an entire team had jersey numbers. To increase the fan treat, both teams wore numbers. Who were these teams that played against each other on that day, May 13th? When Major League Baseball played that first game under the lights at Crosley Field, the game of baseball, as we know it, was changed forever. What date was the first MLB night game played? What team won the 1919 World Series? In 1845, Alexander Cartwright of the New York Knickerbockers helped to codify the rules of baseball. One key change from other...
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As the oldest team sport in North America, baseball has had ample time to mature in fits and starts during its ultimate ascension to the...

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Copyright John T. Reed

There is a sort of standard pre-game warm-up in youth baseball. I do not like it. I recommend you use a more sensible pre-game warm-up as follows.

RIF-1 balls only

In 1992, a majors player in my local Little League got hit in practice by a regular Little League hardball that one-hopped into his knee. It shattered his kneecap. In 1970, my oldest son's varsity head football coach was at his first coaching-teaching job after college. That spring, a bull pen catcher threw a pitch back to his pitcher. But at that moment, the pitcher turned to look at something in the nearby game and the catcher's throw struck him in the temple. It killed him.

If either of those players had been on a team coached by me, they would not have been injured at all. In a 1992 pre-game warm-up, I yelled, "Balls in!" Standing near our third-base dugout, I turned to look toward first base. Our left fielder one-hopped a ball into my knee. I was not injured. It...

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FAQ for R.B.I. Baseball 15

Hi everyone, we have seen some great feedback and lots of questions since launching the game last week. Hopefully this doc will be a convenient reference for some of the more common questions, and we will continue to add to it as we hear about other issues you are having. Thanks for playing!

Is there keyboard and mouse support?
All menus and gameplay can be controlled with a WASD setup on the keyboard. The mouse is not supported. However, if you want to play local 2-player, you’ll need 2 gamepads.

What gamepads are compatible?
R.B.I. Baseball 15 is compatible with any XInput-ready controller and tested on Xbox 360 controllers. The in-game gamepad prompts reflect an Xbox 360 controller.

Help! I don’t know how to control the game…
Controller diagrams and the keyboard legend are available from the Settings menu. From the Main Menu, press [Left Arrow] on the keyboard (X on an Xbox Controller) to open the Settings...

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# Reasons Why Baseball is so Much Better than Football by Thomas Boswell 1



Half time with bands.


Cheerleaders at half time with bands.


Up With People singing "The Impossible Dream" during a Blue Angels flyover at half time with bands.


Baseball has fans in Wrigley Field singing "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" at the seventh-inning stretch.


Baseball has Blue Moon, Catfish, Spaceman and The Sugar Bear. Football has Lester the Molester, Too Mean and The Assassin.


All XX Super Bowls haven't produced as much drama as the last World Series.


All XX Super Bowls haven't produced as many classic games as either pennant playoff did this year.


Baseball has a bullpen coach blowing bubble gum with his cap turned around backward while leaning on a fungo bat; football has a defensive coordinator in a satin jacket with a headset and a clipboard.


The Redskins have 13 assistant coaches, five equipment...

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Previous Rankings: 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007

Minor League editor Craig Goldstein chatted about the Top 101 (Transcript) | Full commentary for each player first appeared in Baseball Prospectus 2016.

While it's entirely likely you'll skip right ahead to the rankings, we wanted to provide some context for the list. As always, prospect lists are a snapshot in time—in this case mid-to-late December, when the list was compiled. It's possible a prospect's situation has changed since then, or that our evaluator's feelings on a prospect have changed, due to new information. Additionally, it's possible that a prospect ranks higher within his team list than he does here, and that's because the team Top 10s are spearheaded by individual authors who are informed by the BP Prospect Team and outside sources. The product below reflects a more rounded team effort, and thus there could be some inconsistencies between the Top 10s and the 101. These are...

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Sabermetrics is the analysis of baseball through objective evidence, especially baseball statistics. The term is derived from the SABR – the Society for American Baseball Research. The term was coined by Bill James, an enthusiastic proponent and its most notable figure.


Synonymous with bag — 1st, 2nd, or 3rd base. A player who plays a particular base might be called a sacker. Most often this is the second sacker (second baseman). Together the second sacker and the short-stop may be referred to as sackmates because they often coordinate or share the coverage or play at second base. See double play.

sacrifice bunt[edit]

A sacrifice bunt (also called a sacrifice hit or simply a "sacrifice") is the act of deliberately bunting the ball in a manner that allows a runner on base to advance to another base, while the batter is himself put out. If the sacrifice is successful, the batter is not charged with an at bat (AB). But...
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


A player who plays particularly hard (especially with a willingness to sacrifice his body for the play) and is prone to making the right play at the right time, often in big games. Also used to refer to an excellent piece of equipment, such as a glove or mitt.


The space between outfielders. Also alley. A ball hit in the gap is sometimes called a flapper or a gapper. "He's swinging the bat right now better than he has all year, and I'm hoping now some of them turns into gappers", Leyland said.[1]

gap hitter[edit]

Hits with power up the alleys and tends to get a lot of doubles. A doubles hitter.


A fastball. "Give him [, the batter,] the gas"; as in stepping on a car's gas pedal to accelerate.

gate receipts[edit]

The gross ticket prices paid by all the customers who passed through the entrance gates for a game or a series. Also referred to simply as "the...
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For folks who loves both baseball and movies, it's incredibly sad that Hollywood's takes on our national pastime continually whiff with a frequency that makes Adam Dunn look like Joe DiMaggio. But 40 years ago today, a film was released that got everything beautifully, hilariously and even painfully right: The Bad News Bears. A tartly-scripted comic saga about a no-hope Little League team from L.A.'s San Fernando Valley, the film — directed by Michael Ritchie from an original screenplay written by Bill Lancaster — shocked and amused audiences with its unbridled vulgarity and unvarnished portrayal of youth sports.

A surprise hit, it became the eleventh highest-grossing American film of 1976, outpacing the likes of Taxi Driver, Logan's Run and The Man Who Fell to Earth at the box office. It blew the minds of countless kids who recognized themselves up there on the silver screen, but it also resonated deeply with adult viewers and critics, as well; Jay Cocks of Time described...

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You are coaching a youth baseball or softball team and wrap up another game with more mistakes than expected. You’ve done a good job getting your team ready and practices have run well, but the team’s efforts are not translating to games. What could be missing in your preparation?

Many youth baseball and softball coaches run solid practices, do a great job teaching skills and taking their kids through drills, but don’t see that effort in practice translate to game success. One aspect of practice that many coaches leave out is practicing playing the game.

Failing to include a Scrimmage as part of a practice plan may be the missing link in a team’s formula for success in games.

The first reaction to the idea of including a scrimmage in practice is that it is not a productive use of time; ‘the kids are just playing around and not getting better’. That can be true if the scrimmage does not have a clear objective and is not structured properly. On the other hand,...

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Baseball Lingo
by Predictem.com Staff

When you talk about baseball, you're talking about America's pasttime. The beloved sport has been played since the late 1800's and is still going strong.

Over the years, the sport has picked up tons of lingo, jargon, nicknames, slang and acronyms. This article will highlight a good handful of those terms that you may here and have not a clue what the heck they mean. Enjoy!

12-6: A curveball

1-2-3 inning: When a team gets all three hitters out allowing no walks, errors or hits.

4 Bagger: A homerun. The player gets to run around the bases which are aka "bags"

5 Tool Player: This refers to a baseball player that can hit for power, a high average, has good speed to steal bases, can field his position well and has a strong throwing arm.

6-4-3 Double Play: Each position on the field is given a number. 1 is the pitcher, 2 is the catcher, 3 is the first basement, 4 is the second baseman, 5 is the...

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Think of this Cheat Sheet as your shortcut guide to baseball, America’s pastime, and a concise set of notes to consult about the basic rules and positions. You can quickly refer to it when you or a friend needs a quick explanation of why a certain play just happened, its circumstances, and consequences. In other words: the Situation. You’ll understand not just what the players on the field are doing, but why they’re doing it.

How Hitters Make Outs in Baseball

Outs are one of the fundamental elements of the game — they’re baseball’s currency, its equivalent of time. You only get 27 of them in a game, so the team on offense strives to avoid them while the defending team craves them.

Refer to this list at a glance to find the most common ways a hitter can make an out in baseball. This list can help you follow the action and grasp why a hitter who just made one is bashing the dugout’s water cooler in frustration and why the pitcher is doing a fist pump.

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The information you’re about to read about is not available anywhere else in the world. No one has ever combined baseball skills with martial arts training and developed a “system” integrating the two disciplines. Feel free to search the world via the internet trying to find this combination. You won’t find anything because it’s never been done before.

I started playing baseball at age 8. As a talented player in my teens and twenties I played on traveling baseball all-star teams while also competing in, and winning, martial arts tournaments. During this time I developed a unique and innovative “system” that integrated my martial arts skills INTO my baseball skills. The results were amazing!

I’m now 58 years of age and I still play over 70 games per year on an elite traveling senior softball team in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. All players are over 50 years old. I have worked on perfecting this unique “system” for over 40 years and it’s still very...

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